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REASON FOR ANTIMICROBIALS USAGE POLICY

Kenchic is committed to the prudent use of antimicrobials and minimizing the risk of emergence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens in our production chain, with a strategic goal of antibiotic-free production.

This document also serves as Kenchic’s commitment to adhere to national strategies to promote prudent antimicrobial use in veterinary services and ensure compliance with international, national, and local guidelines, laws, and regulations, especially for Prescription Only Medicines-Veterinary, pursued through the following international guidelines, and Laws of Kenya:

1. The Animal Diseases Act, Cap 364

2. The Veterinary Surgeons and Veterinary Paraprofessionals Act, Cap 366: Drug schedules

3. The Veterinary Medicines Directorate Regulations: Guidelines for the prudent use of antimicrobials in animals

4. The Veterinary Policy of Kenya

5. The Terrestrial animal health code by OIE

6. The World Health Organization Guidelines on Use of Medically Important Antimicrobials in Food Producing Animals (Policy Brief November 2017)

7. The WHO Critically Important Antimicrobials for Human Medicine 5th revision2

POLICY STATEMENT

The purpose of this policy is to outline Kenchic’s approach to antimicrobial usage in all areas of live production, through overall prudent use of antimicrobials and subsequent reduction in their use in the Kenchic production chain by limiting their use to situations where they are necessary.

SCOPE

This policy will apply to all Kenchic farms and hatcheries. This policy applies to Prescription Only Medicines-Veterinary (POMV) as outlined in the Veterinary Surgeons and Veterinary Paraprofessionals Act, 2011: Drug schedules. 

DEFINITION OF TERMS 

 

Veterinarian

Kenchic Veterinary surgeon who is duly registered and retained by the Kenya Veterinary Board.

Antibiotic

Substances developed to make medicines that inhibit the growth of or destroy bacteria in human or animal treatments..

Antimicrobial

All agents, whether of biological origin, semisynthetic or synthetic that act in vivo against all types of microorganisms. For the purposes of this paper the focus will be on antibiotics.

Antimicrobial resistance

Development of tolerance by microorganisms to levels of antimicrobials that would normally inhibit or kill them. This does not include pre-existing natural susceptibility of specific pathogens.

Veterinary Prescription

A prescription issued by a Kenchic veterinary surgeon for dispensation and administration of POMV

POMV

Prescription Only Medicines-Veterinary (POMV) as outlined in the Veterinary Surgeons and Veterinary Paraprofessionals Act: Drug schedules.

Antimicrobial residue

Metabolites of antimicrobials found in edible portions of food in excess of the maximum residue limits set by the Kenya Bureau of Standards.

Prophylaxis

The administration of a product ahead of exposure, in anticipation of possible infection.

Metaphylaxis

The administration of the product to clinically healthy (including presumed infected) animals in-contact with sick animals, to prevent them from developing clinical signs, and to prevent further spread of the disease.

 GOALS

1. To maintain the use of antibiotics only when necessary and to avoid prophylactic use.

2. To avoid the use of critically important antibiotics that are essential in life-threatening infections in humans as per the World Health Organisation.

3. To reduce the need for antibiotics through progressive disease prevention practices such as good biosecurity, vaccinations, good management practices as well as using integrated disease control programmes in the production chain.

4. To reduce the development of antimicrobial resistance in our production chain.

 POLICY PRINCIPLES

 

POLICY REQUIREMENTS FOR ANTIBIOTIC USAGE

 

Antimicrobial Stocking

Only antimicrobials that have been licenced by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate should be stocked. Licences and other necessary documentations should be kept by the Company Veterinarian.

Prescription of antimicrobials.

The prescription and dispensation of antimicrobials must be justified by a veterinary diagnosis, followed by sensitivity testing where possible to determine choice of antimicrobial where possible.

Priority will be given to use of the most narrow spectrum antibiotics after sensitivity tests and similar efficacy trials for other antimicrobials

Antimicrobials are only used under the prescription of a Kenchic veterinarian, duly registered and retained by the Kenya Veterinary Board.

The use of critically important antimicrobials is avoided since these are critical for use in life-threatening infections in humans.

Routine use of medically important antibiotics for prevention of disease is not permitted

Laboratory testing

Kenchic carries out sensitivity testing for cases to enable and inform current and future antimicrobial use.

 

Antibiotic prescription on our farms and contracted farms shall only be done after culture and Sensitivity.

Collection of antimicrobials

Veterinary prescription required

Administration of antimicrobials

To be recorded and records kept for review.

Antimicrobial therapy or metaphylaxis should never replace good management practices- where possible, sick birds to be isolated and treated to minimize shedding and infecting the healthy flock.

Antimicrobials must be administered to the chicken according to the veterinarian’s prescription.

Antiparasitic use shall follow O.I.E guidelines with a focus on frequent rotation to limit chances of resistance

    Routine prophylaxis is prohibited.

Withdrawal period of antimicrobials

To be observed strictly as per veterinary prescription

Antimicrobial residue tests, where indicated, shall be done for flocks on medication.

Storage of antimicrobials on farms or hatchery

Veterinary prescription required and records of storage to be kept for review.

Disinfectants and Detergents

Their use shall be guided by company cleaning and disinfection protocols and will be based on laboratory efficacy trials and frequent post clean-down environmental swabs.

Feed Additives and Coccidiostats

No use of antibiotic growth promoters and other banned additives in our feeds

Continued use of Ionophores and Coccidiostats is permissible, subject to the VSVP Act Regulations. Whenever used, a clear rotation programme shall be in place.

 RESPONSIBILITIES

Veterinarian: Product selection and prescription based on clinical diagnosis and experience, provision of correct information to the person administering the antimicrobial and to monitor and advise on antimicrobial usage within the production chain.

Farmer/Farm Manager: Must ensure safety of the food production chain by administering antimicrobials in accordance with the prescription and to cooperate with the veterinarian to implement disease prevention measures. They must be aware of general aspects of the prudent use of antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistance, including the need to take samples for analysis and sensitivity testing.

Hatcheries: The injection of antimicrobials into eggs and or day-old chicks is avoided through focusing on good hatchery hygiene and good management of day-old chick production through temperature control and hygiene.

Feed manufacturer: May only produce medicated feed on a veterinarian’s prescription. Medicated feed must be appropriately labelled and only supplied to end-user with the prescription.

ENFORCEMENT

Enforcement of antimicrobial usage will be carried out through audits and where indicated, antimicrobial residue testing.

Contravention of Kenchic antimicrobial usage policy will result in punitive actions for the parties in accordance with relevant company procedures.

This policy shall be reviewed annually.