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Drinking systems provide clean and cool water with adequate flow rate is fundamental to good poultry production. Without adequate water intake, feed consumption will decline and bird performance will be compromised. Both closed and open water systems are commonly used and include:

  • water meters
  • water storage tanks
  • Feeding systems
AGE TYPE RECOMMENDED WATER SPACE
Day 1 to day 21 Chick drinkers 80 chicks per drinker
Day 21 to slaughter Adult manual drinkers 50 birds per drinker
Day 21 to slaughter Automatic drinkers 80-100 per drinker
Day 21 to slaughter Nipple drinkers 8-10 birds per nipple

Heating systems used are:

  • Gas brooder
  • Electricity

Commonly used feeders are:

AGE FEEDER TYPE RECOMMENDED FEEDER SPACE
Day 1 to day 10 Chick tray 50 chicks per tray
Day 10 to day 21 Chick feeder 50 chicks per feeder
Day 21 to end of production/slaughter Tube feeder 30-50 birds per feeder
Day 21 to end of production/slaughter Trough feeder 5cm per bird (minimum)


Regardless of which type of feeding system is used, the most important points to consider in the selection of feeders are:

  • Feeding space
  • Accessibility
  • Feed wastage (spillage and contamination)